Financial trading is a very exciting enterprise. From its inception hundreds of years back, when it was purely physical, it had evolved into a venture that is now largely electronically conducted. For aspiring practitioners, it holds a lot of promises, the most important, of course, is financial freedom.

Financial Instruments


But what exactly is it about? In short, financial trading is simply the buying and selling of financial assets which are claims for people who hold them but debt for those that issue them. Although there are many types, the commonest classification system groups them, based on how they derive their value, into derivative, cash, and debt instruments.

Derivative financial instruments are as named: they derive their value from other assets that underlie them.  The most popular example is the options. Cash instruments, on the other hand, derive their value directly from the markets. The best examples are deposits and loans. Debt instruments, finally, are those that pay interests. The best-known example bonds.

However, of all these, there are the popularly traded. Here, we will take each of them one by one.


Foreign exchange, Forex for short, is simply the buying and selling of currencies. Forex traders aim to profit from the fluctuations in the exchange rate of one currency in relation to another. Hence, they always seek to know the direction in which their currencies of interest are headed. That is, whether those currencies are going up or down.

There are two ways by which they go about that. They analyze changes in macroeconomic indicators such as interest rate, inflation, unemployment rate, public debt, and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Another way they do is through the analysis of chart patterns and the use of technical indicators to predict exchange rate movements.

Forex is the most-traded financial instrument. In April 2019, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) estimated that the market had hit $6.6 trillion in average daily trading volume.  Because of its huge size, it is highly liquid and less volatile. It also has low entry barriers, with many Forex brokers stipulating their required minimum deposits as low as $10.


If you will be talking about the most popular financial instrument, stocks will have it. Since the establishment of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the first stock exchange in the world, in 1602, stock trading has been growing in leaps and bounds and has successfully infiltrated the consciousness of the investing public all over the world.

When you buy the stock of a company, you become a part-owner of it. Depending on the number of shares you buy in relation to the shares outstanding of the company, you will be entitled to a portion of its assets and earnings. For example, imagine you buy 1000 shares of Dorobic, Inc., which has outstanding shares of 10,000.

That means that you will have an 0.1% stake in the company’s operations and gains. Before you buy shares in any company, however, first ensure that it is a worthy investment. This is why you should analyze first to ascertain the financial health of any company whose stock you want to buy. What is the quality of its management? How indebted is it? Is it profitable?

These questions and more will help you to know the actual value of any stock before you buy it. Stocks have become so preferred as a financial instrument that over 50% of Americans, for example, are now estimated to own them.


Of all financial instruments, cryptocurrencies are the most novel. Their emergence is just a bit over a decade when, in 2009, the pseudonymous developer, Satoshi Nakamoto, released Bitcoin, the first decentralized cryptocurrency.  Since then, over 6,000 alternatives, known as altcoins, have been created, and even many more are in development.

Cryptocurrencies are digital assets. They are developed with the purpose of serving as a medium of exchange. Using strong cryptographic principles, their ownership and transaction records are permanently stored on a digital ledger called the blockchain. When you buy or sell a cryptocurrency, the transaction has to be validated by every node operating on the blockchain ecosystem.

Cryptocurrencies have been touted to have the potential to completely revolutionize our financial services system as we currently know it. They are completely decentralized. That is, no one owns them. No one controls them. As a result, they are far away from the prying eyes of traditional regulatory authorities.

Also, cryptocurrencies are trustless. That means that nobody has to trust anybody for them to function. In contrast, the dollar is backed by the full faith and trust of the government of the United States. Without this trust, the $1 dollar note, for example, will be worthless. These are some of the characteristics of cryptocurrencies.

It is because of those unique characteristics that cryptocurrencies have now been dubbed the currencies of the people by the people for the people.


Options are derivative financial instruments. That means that their worth is derived from the worth of other assets that underlie them. For example, the value of a stock option is dependent on the price of the stock that underlies it.  Options are traded in contracts the buyers of whom are obliged to either buy or sell the underlying assets of the options before their expiration dates.

There are many other kinds of options. There are binary options, a novel and exotic type that guarantees on won trades a fixed monetary payout or nothing at all. However, conventionally, options can be either call or put. While the former obliges the holder to buy the underlying asset at the given price within a specific timeframe, for the latter the holder is obliged to sell the underlying asset at the given price within the stipulated timeframe.

Similar to options, CFDs are also derivative instruments that allow traders to speculate on the intermittent rise and fall in the value of other assets such as stocks, indices, and currencies.


Those are some of the most popular financial assets that you can start trading signal forex. Notably, however, forex seems to be growing in popularity with many. So, you might want to try it out. And with 1000pipBuilder Forex trading signals, you will have a better shot at success you should subscribe to them.


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